The Big Picture

Learning Objectives

  • Explain why teaching all children to read should be a national priority.
  • Explain how brain activation patterns differ in poor and skilled readers.
  • Identify the five essential components of effective reading instruction.
  • Describe the four types of reading assessment and their purpose.
  • Explain what causes the Matthew effects and fourth-grade slump.
  • Identify three common profiles of students with reading difficulties.

Key Vocabulary

academic language
differentiated instruction
English-language learners (ELLs)
foundational skills
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)